Disaster Relief Ad hoc Network

2017 COE Engineering Design Project (MJ07)

Faculty Lab Coordinator

Muhammad Jaseemuddin

Topic Category



In a disaster struck area, communication breakdown is one of the major challenges in providing relief operation. In Japan, earthquake on 9.0 Richter scale and ensuing Tsunami caused breakdown of 6,700 base-station component and 65,000 telephone poles. The disruption or complete meltdown on communication infrastructure hampers relief effort. The restoration of communication requires ad hoc deployment of wireless base-stations and their configuration for that environment. Whether base-station carried on trucks or deployed airborne on-board drone come with their own cost and challenges.


In this project, you will design and implement an ad hoc network of WiFi base-stations that can provide multi-hop communication. You need to design auto-configuration of the network to minimize coverage gap. Further, you need to design deployment and localization schemes. The auto-configuration includes node discovery, bootstrapping and location tracking of base-stations. You can make the project more interesting by adding sensor nodes connected to those base-stations. You can consider developing a deployment scheme using drones to carry and drop the base-stations at desired locations. In your design, First responder team can use smart Phones to exchanging relief information through ad hoc communication infrastructure.

Partial Specifications

• Low power Linux board capable of operating in different power saving modes or raspberry pi WiFi nodes as base stations.
• Few sensor boards
• Smart phone

Suggested Approach

• Evaluate different ACEINNA (http://www.aceinna.com//wireless-sensor-networks/index.cfm) sensor hardware and software, such as MICA sensor board
• Evaluate Raspberry Pi as base-stations.
• Select sensors through ACEINNA vendor
• Set up auto-configuration, localization, and ad hoc routing system that can support emergency data
• Evaluate smart phone for remote monitoring and control

Group Responsibilities

• All students will be involved in the initial design phase. • All students will be involved in integration and performance monitoring. • All students will be involved in demo set up using some interesting applications

Student A Responsibilities

• Lead the auto-configuration design. • Selection of sensors. • Design sensor interface and integrate with the sensor boards. • Lead the demo design.

Student B Responsibilities

• Lead the first responder application design. • Lead the control hardware and software design. • Design the controller interface with the sensor board. • Lead the demo set up.

Student C Responsibilities

• Lead localization, sensor interfacing, and system integration. • Lead the interface and transmission through ad hoc relief network. • Lead the implementation of the control and monitoring software on remote smart phones.

Course Co-requisites



MJ07: Disaster Relief Ad hoc Network | Muhammad Jaseemuddin | Not yet submitted at No time