RYERSON UNIVERSITY

Course Outline (F2019)

BME704: Radiation Therapy Devices

Instructor(s)Saber Amini [Coordinator]
Office: ENG 450
Phone: TBA
Email: saber.amini@ryerson.ca
Office Hours: Tuesdays 1:00 pm - 3:00 pm
Calendar DescriptionThe course will cover radiation producing equipment, character of photon and electron radiation beams, radiation dose functions, computerized radiation treatment planning, brachytherapy, special radiation treatment procedures, quality assurance, and radiation shielding of high energy facilities.
PrerequisitesBME 674 and BME 229 and MTH 410
Antirequisites

None

Corerequisites

None

Compulsory Text(s):
  1. Radiation Oncology Physics: A Handbook for Students and Teachers, E.B. Podgorsak ed. (online book: http://www-pub.iaea.org/mtcd/publications/pdf/pub1196_web.pdf
Reference Text(s):
Learning Objectives (Indicators)  

At the end of this course, the successful student will be able to:

  1. Use numerical and analytical models to predict, control and design component, system and process behaviors. (1c)
  2. Compare model predictions with real-world data. (2b)
  3. Practice critical and continual assessment of experimental data and associated models. (3b)
  4. Demonstrate iterative process in complex design engineering projects. (4c)
  5. Organize and deliver clear and formal presentation following established guidelines (6a)
  6. Summarize and paraphrase written work accurately with appropriate citations; Formulate and express ideas in clear and correct grammar. (7a)
  7. Organize and deliver clear and formal presentation following established guidelines. (7b)
  8. Consider economic, social and environmental factors in decisions. (9a)

NOTE:Numbers in parentheses refer to the graduate attributes required by the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB).

Course Organization

3.0 hours of lecture per week for 13 weeks
2.0 hours of lab/tutorial per week for 12 weeks

Teaching AssistantsJustin Di Gregorio (justin.digregorio@ryerson.ca)
 Amir Moslemi (amir.moslemi@ryeson.ca)
Course Evaluation
Term Project 10 %
Labs 15 %
Tutorials 15 %
Midterm 25 %
Final Exam 35 %
TOTAL:100 %

Note: In order for a student to pass a course with "Theory and Laboratory" components, in addition to earning a minimum overall course mark of 50%, the student must pass the Laboratory and Theory portions separately by achieving a minimum of 50% in the combined Laboratory components and 50% in the combined Theory components. Please refer to the "Course Evaluation" section for details on the Theory and Laboratory components.


ExaminationsMidterm exam in Week 8, two hours, multiple-choice, closed book (covers Weeks 1-7).
 Final exam, during exam period, two hours, closed-book (covers all course material).
Other Evaluation InformationPotential project topics will be posted in the BME704 course shell. In order to allow students the time to make a considered decision, final topic selection will occur in the 3rd week of the term. All topics are 5-6 student projects, where the team as a group will present their final design in the final week of the course. The presentation time will be 15 minutes.  Student generated topics must be approved by the course coordinator, Dr. Amini. Specific details of the term project will be given during class and posted in the BME704 course shell.
Other InformationNone

Course Content

Week

Hours

Chapters /
Section

Topic, description

1

3

Chapter 14, Course notes

Introduction overview of radiation therapy process radiobiology
 (Reference Chapter 14)


2

3

Interaction of radiation with matter atomic & nuclear structure electron and photon interactions
 (Reference Chapter 1)


3

3

Concept of dose interaction coefficients cavity theory
 (Reference Chapter 2)


4

3

Dose measurement with ionization chambers dosimeter design
 (Reference Chapter 3)


5

3

Area survey and individual monitoring
 (Reference Chapter 4)


6

3

External beam radiation therapy (linear accelerators)
 (Reference Chapter 5)


7

3

Inverse square law patient dosimetry planning
 (Reference Chapter 6)


8-9

4

Conventional treatment planning Intensity modulated radiation therapy Protons and heavy ions Radiation Safety
 (Reference Chapter 7)


9-10

3

Dosimetric parameters clinical considerations
 (Reference Chapter 8)


10

2

Clinical quality assurance and principles of statistical process control
 (Reference Chapter 10)


11

3

Radiation effects safety designs
 (Reference Chapter 16)


Laboratory/Tutorials/Activity Schedule

Week

Lab

Description

2

ENG411/ENG412

Radiobiology (TUTORIAL)

3-4

ENG411/ENG412

Interaction of radiation with matter (LAB)

5

ENG411/ENG412

Ion chamber design (TUTORIAL)

6

ENG411/ENG412

Open Lab - can work on Tutorial 2 or ask questions regarding course material.
 

7-8

ENG411/ENG412

Linac design (LAB)

9

ENG411/ENG412

Dose calculation algorithms (TUTORIAL)

10

ENG411/ENG412

Image quality and dose (Diagnostic X-ray beam parameters) (TUTORIAL)

11

ENG411/ENG412

Linac bunker design and radiation shielding calculation (TUTORIAL)

Policies & Important Information:

  1. Students are required to obtain and maintain a Ryerson e-mail account for timely communications between the instructor and the students;
  2. Any changes in the course outline, test dates, marking or evaluation will be discussed in class prior to being implemented;
  3. Assignments, projects, reports and other deadline-bound course assessment components handed in past the due date will receive a mark of ZERO, unless otherwise stated. Marking information will be made available at the time when such course assessment components are announced.
  4. Refer to our Departmental FAQ page for information on common questions and issues at the following link: https://www.ee.ryerson.ca/guides/Student.Academic.FAQ.html.

Missed Classes and/or Evaluations

When possible, students are required to inform their instructors of any situation which arises during the semester which may have an adverse effect upon their academic performance, and must request any consideration and accommodation according to the relevant policies as far in advance as possible. Failure to do so may jeopardize any academic appeals.

  1. Health certificates - If a student misses the deadline for submitting an assignment, or the date of an exam or other evaluation component for health reasons, they should notify their instructor as soon as possible, and submit a Ryerson Student Health Certificate AND an Academic Consideration Request form within 3 working days of the missed date. Both documents are available at https://www.ryerson.ca/senate/forms/medical.pdf.. If you are a full-time or part-time degree student, then you submit your forms to your own program department or school;
  2. Religious, Aboriginal and Spiritual observance - If a student needs accommodation because of religious, Aboriginal or spiritual observance, they must submit a Request for Accommodation of Student Religious, Aboriginal and Spiritual Observance AND an Academic Consideration Request form within the first 2 weeks of the class or, for a final examination, within 2 weeks of the posting of the examination schedule. If the requested absence occurs within the first 2 weeks of classes, or the dates are not known well in advance as they are linked to other conditions, these forms should be submitted with as much lead time as possible in advance of the absence. Both documents are available at www.ryerson.ca/senate/forms/relobservforminstr.pdf. If you are a full-time or part-time degree student, then you submit the forms to your own program department or school;
  3. Academic Accommodation Support - Before the first graded work is due, students registered with the Academic Accommodation Support office (AAS - www.ryerson.ca/studentlearningsupport/academic-accommodation-support) should provide their instructors with an Academic Accommodation letter that describes their academic accommodation plan.

Academic Integrity

Ryerson's Policy 60 (the Academic Integrity policy) applies to all students at the University. Forms of academic misconduct include plagiarism, cheating, supplying false information to the University, and other acts. The most common form of academic misconduct is plagiarism - a serious academic offence, with potentially severe penalties and other consequences. It is expected, therefore, that all examinations and work submitted for evaluation and course credit will be the product of each student's individual effort (or an authorized group of students). Submitting the same work for credit to more than one course, without instructor approval, can also be considered a form of plagiarism.

Suspicions of academic misconduct may be referred to the Academic Integrity Office (AIO). Students who are found to have committed academic misconduct will have a Disciplinary Notation (DN) placed on their academic record (not on their transcript) and will normally be assigned one or more of the following penalties:

  1. A grade reduction for the work, ranging up to an including a zero on the work (minimum penalty for graduate work is a zero on the work);
  2. A grade reduction in the course greater than a zero on the work. (Note that this penalty can only be applied to course components worth 10% or less, and any additional penalty cannot exceed 10% of the final course grade. Students must be given prior notice that such a penalty will be assigned (e.g. in the course outline or on the assignment handout);
  3. An F in the course;
  4. More serious penalties up to and including expulsion from the University.

The unauthorized use of intellectual property of others, including your professor, for distribution, sale, or profit is expressly prohibited, in accordance with Policy 60 (Sections 2.8 and 2.10). Intellectual property includes, but is not limited to:

  1. Slides
  2. Lecture notes
  3. Presentation materials used in and outside of class
  4. Lab manuals
  5. Course packs
  6. Exams

For more detailed information on these issues, please refer to the Academic Integrity policy(https://www.ryerson.ca/senate/policies/pol60.pdf) and to the Academic Integrity Office website (https://www.ryerson.ca/academicintegrity/).

Important Resources Available at Ryerson

  1. The Library (https://library.ryerson.ca/) provides research workshops and individual assistance. Inquire at the Reference Desk on the second floor of the library, or go to library.ryerson.ca/guides/workshops
  2. Student Learning Support(https://www.ryerson.ca/studentlearningsupport) offers group-based and individual help with writing, math, study skills and transition support, and other issues.